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74                                   FLORA INPJCA.

Chinese species is largely exported to India and Europe under the name of Star-
Anise.

1. I. Griffith!! (H.f. et T.); foliis ellipticis vel lanceolatis utrinque
acutis saepe apice acumiuatis, sepalis et petalis circa 24, staminibus to-
tidem, carpellis 12-15 superne rostra.tis,— Gnj^A/ Itin. Notes, 38, 80.

HAB. 10 montibus Khasia, in gylvis densis humidis, alt. 4-5000
ped., Griffith!— (EL vere.) (v. v.) •

Frutex 10-15-pedalis, cortice griseo rugose, ratnis jnnioribus angulatis. Genimee
squamis numerosis imbricatis involute. Folia nitida, (sicca) Isete viridia, subtus
fusco-lutea, 2-4 pollices lonsa, 1-2 lata. Sepala rotundata, subciliata. fetala ex-
teriora late ovalia, sepalis majora, £ pollicem longa, interiora gradatim minora ct an-
gustiora. Mfamatta lata, plana; anther* ovali-ohlongaj, introrsaj. Caryella car-
nosa, endocarpio crasso coriacco, in fraction superne planiusculuin siibumlilicatuni
1£ poU. latum | poll, altum congesta, sed inter sc uon colinercutia, dorao convcxa,
superne in rostrum crectum vel subincurviun subulatum producta, supwuc inter
rostrum et aiin dehiscentia. Semen solitarium, testa nitida luteo-fusea, rhaphe su-
pcriore.

Though the species of Illicium are all very much alike in iiabit and in the shape
of the leaves, they appear to possess sufficient maris of distinction in tlie flower and
fruit. I. Griffithii is readily distinguished from the Chinese and Japanese species
by the more numerous and strongly-beaked carpels. The flowers resemble those of
I. parvi/toruM, but the petals arc much mote numerous; their colour is unknown.
All parts of the plant are aromatic, even in the dried state; the fruit has not, either
when fresh or dried, at all the smell of anise, but possesses a faint agreeable odour
like that of the leaves and wood. It is rather a local plant in the Khasia hills.
Griffith found it at Mamloo, near Churra, and it occurs also in the deep valley of the

Tribus II. MAGNOLIA DC.
Ovaria secus torum clougatum spicata.    Stipula conspicuas.
2. TALAUMA, Juss.
Sepala 3.    Petala 6 vel plura.    GynopJtorum sessile.    Ovaria hi-
ovulata.    Carpella lignosa, in fructum strobiliformem coalita, irrcgu-
lariter et quasi circumscisse deliisccntia.  Semina in foveolis receptaculi -
centralis persistentis pendula.—Arborcs vel frutices, floribus terminati-
btts solitariis.
A very distinct genus, easily recognized when in fruit by the peculiar dchisccnce
of the carpels, and by the seeds adhering to the persistent axis after the separation of
the greater part of each carpel. In this genus, as well as in Magnolia and Mic/ielia3
the cord by which the seeds are suspended is composed of a mass of higWy clastic
spiral vessels, which are capable of extension by the weight of the seed, and yet quite
strong enough to support its weight for a considerable time. The seeds of Mauwa>
therefore, remain suspended to the woody central axis long after the carpels have fal-
len away. The species are all tropical or subtropical, and appear to be about equally
numerous in the Old and Kcw World. The Asiatic species hitherto described arc
four in number, all natives of Java and the islands of the Archipelago, Ono of these
only, M> fur as we know, extends into the Malayan peninsula, but tuo very fine new
species have been obtained from the mountainous countries north of Bengal. In the
Madras peninsula and Ceylon this genus is wanting.
1, T. Hodgson! (ILf. ct T.);  foliis obovato-obkmgis, fructu